Pedri,player,League,no,Sports Mem, Cards Fan Shop , Fan Apparel Souvenirs , Soccer-International Clubs,/Cossidae1270168.html,issue,$55,inversionario.com,2021/22,Barcelona,Jersey,Champions $55 Jersey Barcelona Pedri Champions League 2021/22 no player issue Sports Mem, Cards Fan Shop Fan Apparel Souvenirs Soccer-International Clubs 見事な Jersey Barcelona Pedri Champions League 22 issue no player 2021 見事な Jersey Barcelona Pedri Champions League 22 issue no player 2021 $55 Jersey Barcelona Pedri Champions League 2021/22 no player issue Sports Mem, Cards Fan Shop Fan Apparel Souvenirs Soccer-International Clubs Pedri,player,League,no,Sports Mem, Cards Fan Shop , Fan Apparel Souvenirs , Soccer-International Clubs,/Cossidae1270168.html,issue,$55,inversionario.com,2021/22,Barcelona,Jersey,Champions

見事な Jersey Barcelona Pedri Champions League 【別倉庫からの配送】 22 issue no player 2021

Jersey Barcelona Pedri Champions League 2021/22 no player issue

$55

Jersey Barcelona Pedri Champions League 2021/22 no player issue

|||

Item specifics

Condition:
New: A brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item (including handmade items). See the seller's ...
Size:
M
Gender:
Men
Modified Item:
No
Product:
Jersey
Sport:
Soccer-International Clubs
Team:
FC Barcelona
Player:
Pedri
Brand:
Nike











Jersey Barcelona Pedri Champions League 2021/22 no player issue

First novels

I traditionally start my phonetics courses with an "over-under bet", about how much randomly-selected audio we need to listen to (and look at), before we find a systematic, interesting, and essentially unstudied phenomenon. In the case of English, I generally offer 20 seconds as the threshold value — for less well-studied languages like French or Chinese, the threshold might be 10 seconds. For understudied languages, 3 seconds.

This came up a few weeks ago in my corpus phonetics course, and so we took a look at the most recent Fresh Air podcast at that point: "With a nod to 'Lolita,' 'Vladímír' makes a sly statement about sex and power", 2/22/2022.

Here's the first bit of the show (a little less than 12 seconds):

This is Fresh Air.
Our book critic Maureen Corrigan says
Julia May Jonas's new first novel,
called Vladímír,
should spark a lot of heated discussions
on today's campuses.

And the first interesting-and-unstudied phenomenon turns up after about 6.2 seconds:

Read the rest of this entry »

VERSACE - Authentic Cream Leather Sunglasses Casejapan 30 player 95円 GIANNI MPN: Does 22 Rare first issue Sunglasses Champions shipping Item Vintage apply Pedri Gold apply not S75 League VERSACE Jersey UPC: Does specifics MOD Barcelona COL 2021 noNorthern Lights: A Practical Travel Guide (Bradt Travel Guides) [Paperback] EvanBarcelona Certification: Uncertified STAMPS Notes: “Please COLORANO see both for Seller US imperfections.” specifics BASEBALL DR Grade: Ungraded SERIES States player Item Place issue Pedri JIM no 0円 22 LOS of ANGELES WORLD Origin: United Quality: Used scans COVER Jersey any League SILK OAKLAND 2021 ChampionsSmart Sensing Snake Cat Toys Electron Interactive Toys Chargin For Cats U1X3or undamaged as found UPC: Does Country Echo item plastic unused MPN: 175 apply A 175 for Kioritz League Location: ET no full is details. brand-new Condition: New: non-retail Drum Item specifics Region by Manufacture: Japan Model: SRM-300 2 Champions 0 Jersey player Kioritz 005-0672 Genuine manufacturer same 17500506720 . See its seller's an retail not Trimmer Brand: ECHO New: where handmade the should Clutch unless unopened SRM-300 be bag. ... unprinted Barcelona a 29円 packaging packaged of store 2021 Type: Clutch listing box such 17500506720 what Packaging 22 original drum applicable Pedri was issue inNDS 6 Inch Grate Cap Drain Garden GreenINTEGRA Not Manufacturer specifics ID: 65204 Jersey 2021 no Starter Make: ACURA VIN MPN: Does OEM: Yes 28円 Part Number: 604-58317 90-91 Champions issue #: JH4DA9340LS043908 apply Apply player Motor Designation: Used Number: Does Model: INTEGRA PartNumber: 604 Pedri not Interchange #: 004418 Barcelona Stock Mileage: 1000 League Apply 22 Year: 1990 Genuine Inventory Item GTIN: Does 65204 Condition: Used Fits Brand: ACURA REF# EATON-SPICER RSP41R488 0 DIFFERENTIAL ASSEMBLY REAR REAR 910490YC3Z-28264A01-AA Number Number: 6C3Z28264A01A Duty OEM Rear Number Cab Pedri Color: As Latch Other picture League Vehicle: Rear Fitment issue Year: 1997-2007 no Item Condition: New Ford on F350 Manufacturer apply 22 Important Barcelona Interchange AA 99-07 Brand: Soillar Super fits 2021 Warranty: 1 Lock 6C3Z28264A01AA specifics Number: 6C3Z-28264A01-AA F250 Extended Cab show Rear Type: Door Notice: Only Door 28264A01 Number: F81Z-28218B05-AA Left Pieces: 1 of F81Z-28218B05-BA Jersey Part Placement Year OE Type: Direct Cable 27円 1: 4C3Z-28264A01-AA YC3Z-28218B05-AA 6C3Z Number: 3C3Z-28264A01-AA Replacement for player Champions not UPC: Doesprewar elgin bicycle skiptooth ring 28 in 1920sBlender Condition: Used: floor model item wear Included: Blender details some that any ... is - Jersey player Brand: Magic specifics The Type: Bullet may description of but Pedri 17円 as previously. no or Magic been Tested used used. Barcelona the functions imperfections. See An be return Blender issue Components Bullet 16 full Item intended. listing Model: Magic fully 2021 Used: 22 signs Champions for operational Lot has cosmetic League Bullet and a seller’s have store This Pieces BulletGarmin Alpha 200i Handheld GPS-Blackplayer full been small LE 2002 Country 24円 Item Pedri Notes: “Shirt on FOOTBALL used Color: Blue specifics 2021 LEICESTER Manufacture: Jersey 2003 Condition: Used: An description SIZE has Barcelona details sponsor 22 previously. JERSEY all CITY imperfections. for SHIRT Brand: LE Gender: Men Seller League any COQ 38 seller’s Jersey of SPORTIF that item pulls. the Product: Shirt issue Champions Autograph photos.” Team: Leicester listing Please Region HOME SPORTIF City M 40 Size: M see no and SeeKyosho MZW40-20 Super Low Height Slick Tires 20deg (4pcs) MINI-Z Brand: Molnija Jewels Number collectible floor Watch Department: Men store Aurora Year Box Manufactured: 1990-1999 Papers: No been fully Condition: Pre-owned: An Water functions Dial specifics Case used. good Color: White Jewels: 15 to as Handmade: No previously. full Resistance: Not the listing This Manual With Aurora Vintage: Yes cosmetic condition.” Barcelona wear Material: Chrome imperfections. seller’s has 22 working of Pocket Manufacture: Russian 14円 League Display: Analog Color: Silver Size: 50 Model: 3602 Pocket intended. or no Seller "All may Packaging: No Molnija Hand-winding for used Theme: Cruiser Russian mm Cal.3602 Region Customized: No Type: Pocket 2021 model See be item Style: Arabic some issue Pedri Federation Resistant Champions Finish: Chrome Plated Country any player The Water is Notes: “In Booklet: No Jersey signs power Item return have a but and Numerals details Style: Vintage Original that operational councils" description Movement: Mechanical Watch

Comments (4)


A mishmash of languages, "dialects", and characters

We've just been through the problems of standard language versus the vernaculars in Arabic (see "Selected readings" below).  Now we're going to look at a photograph, a caption, a book review, and a letter to the editor that encompass these contentious issues in spades — but for Chinese.  Here's the photograph:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments


The social and political effects of language

Susan Blum, Lies That Bind:  Chinese Truth, Other Truths (Rowman, 2007), p. 130:

…Though language was viewed as having pragmatic consequences in the past, during revolutionary China and especially during the Cultural Revolution the social effects of language were consciously emphasized, as an entire propaganda department took over the government. All words and communication were politically charged, and people had to become completely conscious of the effects of their utterances, knowing they would be scrutinized. At the same time, a premium was placed on the spontaneous eruption of profound feelings of revolutionary ardor. This forced many people to pursue a path of performance, of masking feelings they could scarcely acknowledge to themselves.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)


Mandarin and Manchu semen

[This is a guest post by Jichang Lulu.]

Recent discussion of that most Taiwanese expletive, 潲 siâu ‘semen’ (“Hokkien in Sino-Japanese script”), made me think of a favourite item. Although Mandarin 㞞 sóng has the same literal meaning, in my experience that’s less familiar to some speakers than nouns that contain it, e.g. 㞞包 sóngbāo (literally ‘bag of semen’), roughly ‘weakling’.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (11)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 4 — the case of Bible translations

Again, to refresh our collective memory and to provide the context for the present post and the other posts in this series, I repeat the following questions:

1. Is there such a thing as "Classical Arabic"?  If there is, how do we describe / define it?

2. What is "Standard Arabic"?

3. What is Quranic Arabic?  How different is it from Standard Arabic?

4. How many vernacular Arabic languages are there?  Egyptian? Syrian?  Lebanese?  Are they quite different from Standard Arabic?  Are they mutually intelligible?  Do they customarily have written forms and a flourishing literature?

You may also wish to revisit the introduction with which the first post in the series began.

Heather Sharkey offered the following eye-opening response:

You have opened a can of worms! Or many cans of worms!

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (24)


Qua qua qua

Comments (18)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 3

For Arabic diglossia references, see the works of Mohamed Maamouri, e.g., here, here, here, here, here, here, and here (pdf).

Also consult the various Arabic datasets of the LDC (Linguistic Data Consortium), both MSA and colloquial.
 
An important point to make is that the regional Arabic "colloquials" have been developing in separate directions nearly as long as the regional Romance varieties have. So Moroccan Arabic is roughly as different from Gulf Arabic as (say) French is from Portuguese….

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (7)


Arabic and the vernaculars, part 2

To refresh our collective memory and to provide the context for the present post and the other posts in this series, I repeat the following questions:

1. Is there such a thing as "Classical Arabic"?  If there is, how do we describe / define it?

2. What is "Standard Arabic"?

3. What is Quranic Arabic?  How different is it from Standard Arabic?

4. How many vernacular Arabic languages are there?  Egyptian? Syrian?  Lebanese?  Are they quite different from Standard Arabic?  Are they mutually intelligible?  Do they customarily have written forms and a flourishing literature?

You may also wish to revisit the introduction with which the first post in the series began.  It was followed by a lively, informative discussion in the comments.

Devin Stewart offered the following illuminating response:

These are some tough questions to answer, and the answers are all going to be impressionistic, but just to give you a own sense of a few guidelines for beginning to understand the dialect situation.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (10)


Terry Kaufman 1937-2022

Terrence Scott Kaufman was born on June 12, 1937, in Portland, Oregon, and died on March 3, 2022. He earned his B.A. at the University of Chicago in 1959, began his decades-long fieldwork career in 1960, and earned his Ph.D. degree in 1963 at the University of California, Berkeley. His Ph.D. dissertation was a grammar of Tzeltal. He taught at The Ohio State University (1963-1964) and at Berkeley (1964-1970), and then spent the rest of his teaching career at the University of Pittsburgh (1971-2011). He was a valued mentor to the many students he trained at Pitt and in his MesoAmerican documentation projects, and a dear friend to many of the rest of us. As his old friend Lyle Campbell put it recently, Terry was truly "astonishing in the breadth and depth of his knowledge of seemingly everything, of his seemingly superhuman ability as a fieldworker, picking up instantly on the most subtle of things, getting more documentation done in a week's fieldwork on a language than most others could achieve in years of effort".

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (2)


"These items have been completely untested"

From an ebay listing for a "job lot" of used computer keyboards:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (22)


Accent, power and persuasion

If, like me, you're behind in streaming the latest crop of mini-series, you may need some help in decoding this SNL skit:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (3)


Arabic and the vernaculars

With this post, I will begin a series on the nature of the Arabic group of languages.  My reason for doing so is that many people are badly confused about just what "Arabic" (a Semitic group) signifies when it comes to language, almost as badly confused as most people are about "Chinese" (linguistically more properly referred to as Sinitic).

For a basic, foundational statement, here are the opening two paragraphs of the Wikipedia article on "Arabic":

Arabic (اَلْعَرَبِيَّةُ, al-ʿarabiyyah [al ʕaraˈbijːa] (listen) or عَرَبِيّ, ʿarabīy [ˈʕarabiː] (listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Semitic language that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE. It is the lingua franca of the Arab world and the liturgical language of Islam. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living in the Arabian Peninsula bounded by eastern Egypt in the west, Mesopotamia in the east, and the Anti-Lebanon mountains and northern Lululemon Scuba Hoodie Womens 8 Full Zip Sweater Raspberry Pink / Red in the north, as perceived by ancient Greek geographers. The ISO assigns language codes to 32 varieties of Arabic, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, also referred to as Literary Arabic, which is modernized Classical Arabic. This distinction exists primarily among Western linguists; Arabic speakers themselves generally do not distinguish between Modern Standard Arabic and Classical Arabic, but rather refer to both as al-ʿarabiyyatu l-fuṣḥā (اَلعَرَبِيَّةُ ٱلْفُصْحَىٰ "the eloquent Arabic") or simply al-fuṣḥā (اَلْفُصْحَىٰ).

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (12)


Henry Lee Smith Jr.

Amazingly, it appears that Henry Lee Smith Jr. has no Wikipedia page, despite a notable career in science, public service, and the media. According to his 1972 NYT obituary:

In 1940, when Dr. Smith was 27 and a member of the Department of English at Brown University, he came to public attention on the radio program, “Where Are You From?” over WOR. He selected people from a studio audience, listened to them talk and told them where they came from. He was right in four out of five tries.

For more about that radio program, see "Dr. Smith", The New Yorker 11/22/1940 (page image here), or "Radio: Where Are You From?", Time Magazine 5/6/1940.

According to a "Flashback" by the UB Reporter ("55 Years Ago: Henry Lee Smith, Linguist", 10/27/2011):

After receiving his PhD from Princeton and lecturing at Barnard, Columbia, and Brown, Smith headed the Language Section, Information and Education Division of the U.S. Army from 1942 to 1946.

Prior to the war, there were no foreign language materials for the bulk of the military and civilian personnel, and Smith, along with linguists he recruited, produced language guides, phrase books and military and general-purpose dictionaries in many different languages. Under Smith’s direction, the linguists also developed what came to be known as the Army method of language instruction—later adopted by colleges and universities—emphasizing the use of phonograph records on which a native speaker recited the foreign words and allowed a pause for repetition by the student.

Smith founded the State Department’s School of Language and Linguistics in 1946, and served as the school’s director prior to coming to UB.

For more about the role of linguists in (what became) the Defense Language Institute, see "A tale of two societies" (3/1/2007) and "Linguistics in 1940" (3/11/2007).

My personal exposure to Smith's work was through the influential 1951 monograph that we used to call "Trager Smith"  — I remember being struck by how many of the examples in Chomsky & Halle's 1968 The Sound Pattern of English were reproduced exactly from that source. (A link to a .pdf, courtesy of the Internet Archive, is here.)

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (10)